1 So I returned,
and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun:
and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had
no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was
power; but they had no comforter.
2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than
the living which are yet alive.
3 Yea, better is he than both they, which hath not yet been,
who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that
for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity
and vexation of spirit.
5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh.
6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full
with travail and vexation of spirit.
7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun.
8 There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath
neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour;
neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he,
For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also
vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.
9 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for
10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe
to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another
to help him up.
11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how
can one be warm alone?
12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him;
and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
13 Better is a poor and a wise child than an old and foolish
king, who will no more be admonished.
14 For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also he that
is born in his kingdom becometh poor.
15 I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with
the second child that shall stand up in his stead.
16 There is no end of all the people, even of all that have
been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice
in him. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
1 Keep thy foot
when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear,
than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that
they do evil.
2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty
to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou
upon earth: therefore let thy words be few.
3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and
a fool's voice is known by multitude of words.
4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for
he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed.
5 Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest
vow and not pay.
6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say
thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should
God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?
7 For in the multitude of dreams and many words there are also
divers vanities: but fear thou God.
8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting
of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter:
for he that is higher than the highest regardeth; and there
be higher than they.
9 Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself
is served by the field.
10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver;
nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this is also vanity.
11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them: and
what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding
of them with their eyes?
12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little
or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to
13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely,
riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.
14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth
a son, and there is nothing in his hand.
15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return
to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which
he may carry away in his hand.
16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came,
so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured for
17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much
sorrow and wrath with his sickness.
18 Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for
one to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour
that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which
God giveth him: for it is his portion.
19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth,
and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion,
and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gift of God.
20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because
God answereth him in the joy of his heart.
1 There is an evil
which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men:
2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so
that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth,
yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger
eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.
3 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so
that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled
with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely
birth is better than he.
4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and
his name shall be covered with darkness.
5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this
hath more rest than the other.
6 Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath
he seen no good: do not all go to one place?
7 All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite
is not filled.
8 For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the poor,
that knoweth to walk before the living?
9 Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the
desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that
it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier
11 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is
man the better?
12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the
days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who
can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?